Breast cancer is a medical condition referring to the uncontrolled growth of cells in the breast manifesting as tumors or lumps. This is usually a result of a variety of mutagens that interfere with the genetic make-up of the breast cells. Breast cancer is the second largest cancer affecting women , though breast cancer affects men too but largely goes undiagnosed due to lack of awareness.
What are some of the common breast cancer symptoms?
- One may experience general breast or nipple pains
- Abnormal nipple discharge apart from the usual breast milk
- Nipples and Breast skin that are becoming thick or red in color.
- The breast may become partially or completely swollen
- Nipples that are turning inwards (Appearing retracted)
- Orange peel skin or dimply skin on the breast
- Lump in the breast
- Unusual redness or thickening in the breast
- Veins, becoming prominent in the breast
Breast Cancer Treatment is very easy if detected at an early stage and that is why screening and preventive tests are important. Below are the commonly used tests for prevention and early diagnosis.
BRCA1 & BRCA2 Screening Tests: These two are actually mutations whose presence in the body shows a high likelihood of breast cancer infection. A positive test result indicates the presence of the two mutations while a negative result indicates their absence. Testing positively for either or both would call for a recommendation for further breast cancer tests since it would be a clear indication of vulnerability to breast cancer. Celebrities such as Angelina Jolie have got mastectomy done after testing positive for BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 to prevent having breast cancer.
Myriads riskScore Test: Myriads riskScore test helps as a follow-up test for those with a strong family history of breast cancer
Mammogram: This is the most commonly used breast cancer screening tool and it involves taking x-ray photographs of the breast. These images are medically referred to as mammograms. One most credible thing about the test is the ability to detect breast cancer at early stages. The principle here is the fact that different tissues have different densities. This makes it possible to detect any abnormalities on the resultant mammogram. The test also picks up early calcification, often an early sign of breast cancer.
MRI: An MRI along with a mammogram helps increase the sensitivity of screening patients at a high risk of developing the disease.
Ultrasound Scan: Unlike a mammogram test which uses x-rays to produce internal breast images, an ultrasound test uses sound energy to generate such images which can then be examined by the doctor. One main advantage of the mammogram and the ultrasound is that the doctor and see the images instantly which helps with prompt diagnosis
In case of a spread, the PET-CT, CT or an MRI scan as well be carried out to detect the organs affected.
Cancer marker tests which are blood tests to evaluate stage are also carried out before commencing treatment.
It is therefore very important to get regular cancer screening for better and healthier lives in the future.
Best breast cancer hospitals are equipped with diagnostic equipment for a prompt diagnosis and a surgical and medical oncologist for breast cancer treatment options.
Breast cancer treatment in India depending upon staging may include total mastectomy with or without reconstruction, lumpectomy, chemotherapy and or radiation.
To know more on the cost of mastectomy, breast cancer treatment visit: https://www.ihealthkonnect.com/