All stories, Cancer Classroom( Decoding cancer)

Head and Neck Cancer

Head and Neck cancerHead And Neck Cancer is one of the common cancer affecting smokers, and those consuming tobacco commonly. Poor Oral including gum disease leads to cancers of the oral cavity. Lack of Nutrition adds to the problem.

Some causes are related to human papillomavirus infection, where men also get affected are due to oral sex.

The head and neck cancer region is an anatomically diverse area of the body that is composed of soft tissues, bones, skin, and a variety of glands and organs. Head and Neck Cancer encompasses a wide

Range of tumors that can develop in several areas of the head and neck. 


Cancer can develop in different parts of the head and neck. Some of the common sites include the following.

1.Oral (Mouth ) Cancer

2.Laryngeal Cancer

3.Pharyngeal (Throat) Cancer

4.Thyroid Cancer

5.Nasal Cavity And Paranasal Sinuses Cancer

6.Parathyroid Tumors

7.Salivary Gland Tumors

8.Skin Cancer


Below are some common symptoms and warning signs of Head and Neck Cancer.

These can be associated with a specific group of symptoms, and other health conditions can also cause these

Common Symptoms to see a head and neck cancer specialist include:

  • A lump or swelling in the neck
  • A sore in the mouth that won’t heal or that bleeds easily
  • A red or white patch in the mouth
  • Frequent nosebleeds, ongoing nasal congestion, or chronic sinus infections that do not

Respond to treatment

  • A persistent sore throat
  • Persistent hoarseness or a change in the voice
  • Blood in the sputum and difficulty in the chewing, swallowing or moving the jaws or the tongue
  • Numbness in the tongue or other areas
  • Loosening of teeth


The most important test to diagnose or rule out and Head and Neck tumor is a Surgical Biopsy.

Other investigations that your oncologist might advise are to understand the exact location and

the spread of the tumor. It may include some scans like CT/MRI/PET-CT Scan and endoscopies like

direct laryngoscopy, nasopharyngoscopy or bronchoscopy.



Treatment and care of people with cancer are provided by a multidisciplinary team, which includes a surgical, a medical and a radiation oncologist.

This is especially important for people affected by Head and Neck Cancer.

Treatment depends on:

  • The stage of the disease
  • The location of the cancer
  • The severity of symptoms
  • Your general health



Surgery is a conventional treatment for all stages of Head and Neck Cancer in the early stages.

Depending on which part is affected, it may involve the removal of all or part of the affected region, along with lymph nodes, keeping in account positive margins.

It is usually followed by plastic surgery or reconstruction at the same time. Care is generally taken to achieve a normal and healthy appearance and function as possible.

Though robotic surgery is often advised, conventional head and neck surgeries help with better margins and clearance.

A good head and neck surgeon is often critical for a good surgical result.

The latest technological advancement like the LASER can also remove selected tumors.



Along with surgery, some people may receive radiotherapy.

For some types of Head and Neck Cancer, radiation therapy may be the primary treatment.

Chemotherapy may be given at the same time to enhance the effect of radiation treatment.


Chemotherapy is mostly done at the same time as the radiation treatment, as concurrent chemo-radiotherapy. In some instances, it may be given both before and during radiation


 TARGETED THERAPY and Immunotherapy

Targeted therapy refers to treatment with medicines that are designed to attack cancer

Cells without harming healthy cells.


Palliative care, also called symptom management or supportive care, addresses ways to improve the comfort and quality of life of people with serious illnesses.

At CanceRX, we try and ensure that you get the best possible treatment plan, treatment advice for your cancer diagnosis

We also try and help you with the least possible cost of cancer treatment, wherever possible from some of the best oncologists, cancer doctors in India.

Send us your query now for the best treatment advice from some of the best cancer doctors in India

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