What Is Retinoblastoma?

What is retinoblastoma? Retinoblastoma is a type of cancer that affects the retina, a part of the eye. The retina is a lining at the back of the eye that reflects light to make vision possible. In retinoblastoma, the retinal cells mutate and grow abnormally, causing cancer. Typically, retinoblastoma occurs in children, with most affected patients being below the age of 5. However, it can go unnoticed and progress into the teenage years. Although it is very rare, it can occur in adults as well. Approximately 2/5 of cases are hereditary, or germinal, meaning they are caused by a mutation…

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Prostate Cancer: What You Need To Know

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men, second only to skin cancer, and one of the leading causes of death. But what is prostate cancer, and what can you do to prevent it?   What is it? The prostate is part of the male reproductive system. It’s a gland in the pelvic area that produces the fluid which helps make semen, and is located underneath the bladder, in front of the rectum. Prostate cancer occurs when prostate cells grow uncontrollably and develop into malignant tumours. These cancer cells often spread to nearby areas such as the seminal…

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March: Multiple Myeloma Awareness Month

In March, people all over the world come together to raise awareness on myeloma, a type of blood cancer that affects millions each year. Here’s what you need to know about it, and actions you can take to support survivors this month.   What is it? Myeloma is a type of cancer that begins in the bone marrow, which is the spongy tissue in the centre of bones. The bone marrow is responsible for producing blood cells. Myeloma is often known as multiple myeloma because it generally affects multiple bones in the body, such as those in the ribs, skull,…

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Kidney Cancer: What You Need To Know

The month of March celebrates kidney cancer awareness. Also known as renal cancer, it is one of the most common cancers and affects people of all ages. Here are some symptoms you can watch out for, treatments you can go through, and actions you can take to help raise awareness.   What is kidney cancer? Kidney cancer occurs when cells in the kidneys mutate and form tumours. Your kidneys are each approximately the size of your fist, and located behind the abdomen on the left and right of your spine. There are multiple types of kidney cancer, the most common…

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